Nov 10, 2020
1. Trailer Overview
A trailer is a trailer whose axle is placed behind the center of gravity of the vehicle (when the vehicle is evenly loaded) and is equipped with a coupling device that can transmit horizontal and vertical forces to the tractor. It is a heavy-duty transportation vehicle connected to the trailer head by a tow pin.
Trailers can be divided into dump trailers, low-flat trailers, bin trailers, container trailers, powder material tank trailers, oil tank trailers, flatbed transport trailers and other trailers.
2. Development Status of Trailers
In 2019, thanks to the tightening of super regulations, the elimination of old vehicles, the rebound in infrastructure investment growth and the upgrade of natural gas heavy trucks to the National VI, the truck market sales continued to grow, driving the demand for the trailer market. In 2019, the output of trailers was 138.5 Million vehicles, a year-on-year increase of 110.5%.
The outbreak of the new crown pneumonia in early 2020 has added a short-term downward adjustment to the economy. The new crown pneumonia epidemic has changed the rhythm of China's macroeconomic economy, but it does not change the trend. The short-term impact of the epidemic on the economy is very obvious, even greater than during the SARS period.
After March, as the epidemic was quickly contained and companies resumed work and production, local governments in China increased their investment in infrastructure, the engineering construction and logistics transportation market quickly recovered, and the demand for vehicles rebounded rapidly, leading to a rebound in demand in the trailer market, 1-6 2020 In September, the output of trailers reached 367,000, down 1.8% year-on-year.
At the beginning of 2020, the new crown pneumonia epidemic broke out, companies stopped work and production, construction sites were suspended, and the stagnation of economic activities impacted the market demand for trailers. However, as the epidemic has been brought under control, enterprises and construction sites have resumed production and construction, engineering construction and the transportation industry have also resumed operations, demand for vehicles has grown rapidly, and the performance of the trailer market has also rebounded. From April to June 2020, China's trailer production achieved year-on-year growth for three consecutive months.
3. Trailer Competition Landscape
From the product point of view, the entire trailer market is dominated by three-axle products. From the first half of 2015-2020, the market share of three-axle products has remained above 90%, occupying an absolute dominant position. In the first half of 2020, due to the implementation of the per-axis charging policy, the market share of the two-axis products has increased, reaching 5.2%, an increase of 4.0 percentage points over the entire year of 2019.
In terms of the proportion of trailer models, China's dump trailers accounted for the largest proportion in the first half of 2020, reaching 46.2%, occupying an absolute dominant position. The second is container transport trailers with a proportion of 8.9%. Compared with dump trailers, the market share gap is obvious.
4. The Future Development Trend of Trailer Industry
The attribute of the trailer’s production materials determines that its market development is closely related to the macroeconomic trend. In the future, the global economy will maintain a medium-to-low growth rate, but there will still be large differences in regional development. Infrastructure construction, especially road construction, will continue to advance, and it will develop for the global trailer industry. Bringing business opportunities, especially logistics trailers will have greater room for development.
From the perspective of the new product layout of various trailer manufacturers, more and more aluminum alloy parts are applied to trailers. Aluminum alloy parts have the advantages of light weight, long service life, and good recyclability, which ensure the strength of the vehicle. At the same time, it reduces part of its own weight and effectively reduces fuel consumption. However, compared with steel materials, aluminum alloy materials are slightly inferior in terms of safety and durability. Lightweight is an important direction for the future development of trailers and even the entire automobile industry. It is necessary to focus on the balance between vehicle weight reduction and safety and durability.
Judging from the history of trailer development in various countries in the world, technological innovation has always been an important development direction for enterprise product research and development. As market competition continues to intensify, the future competitive advantage of labor-intensive products at price will be weakened, and technological innovation will become a source of growth for trailer companies and the entire trailer industry. Especially in China, at this stage, Chinese trailer companies generally have low technical content, simple product technology, and serious homogeneity. The trailer industry has gradually changed from focusing on sales to focusing on technology.
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